Psychotherapy High Wycombe
DSM-IV-TR: Tourette's Disorder
This Tic Disorder is diagnosed when BOTH motor AND vocaltics ("sudden, rapid, recurrent, non rhythmic, stereotyped motor movement orvocalization") are experienced persistently. (Named for Gilles de la Tourette)
A. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics have been present at some time during the illness, although not necessarily concurrently. (A tic is a sudden, rapid, recurrent, non rhythmic, stereotyped motor movement or vocalization.)
B. The tics occur many times a day (usually in bouts) nearly every day or intermittently throughout a period of more than 1 year, and during this period there was never a tic-free period of more than 3 consecutive months.
C. The onset is before age 18 years.
D. The disturbance is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g. stimulants) or a general medical condition (e.g. Huntington's disease or postviral encephalitis).
Based on the Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition APA
See also: Chronic Motor or Vocal Tic Disorder
The online Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders lists most of the major psychological disorders and illnesses and lists the criteria that must be fulfilled in order for a diagnosis to be made. This resource is not a substitute for proper professional psychiatric diagnosis.
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Bill Frost - Clinical Hypnotherapist 2012
Last Updated 28 October 2021 ()