Psychotherapy High Wycombe


Psychotherapy High Wycombe - Last updated 19 April 2021

DSM Online - Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

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DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR:

Nicotine Withdrawal

The brain adapts to use of nicotine in such a way that symptoms may result when the substance is reduced or discontinued, leading to diagnosis of this Substance-Related Disorder.

Diagnostic criteria for 292.0 Nicotine Withdrawal


(Warning!)

A. Daily use of nicotine for at least several weeks.

B. Abrupt cessation of nicotine use, or reduction in the amount of nicotine used, followed within 24 hours by four (or more) of the following signs:

(1) dysphoric or depressed mood
(2) Insomnia
(3) irritability, frustration, or anger
(4) anxiety
(5) difficulty concentrating
(6) restlessness
(7) decreased heart rate
(8) increased appetite or weight gain

C. The symptoms in Criterion B cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

D. The symptoms are not due to a general medical condition and are not better accounted for by another mental disorder.

Based on the Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition APA Also:

Research sources

TopicHYPNOSIS MISC
ReferenceSilagy C, Lancaster T, Stead L, Mant D, Fowler G. (2004). Nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceGmur M, Tschopp A () Factors determining the success of nicotine withdrawal: 12-year follow-up of 532 smokers after suggestion therapy (by a faith hea

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceHaxby DG () Treatment of nicotine dependence: Am J Health Syst Pharm. 1995;52(3):265-281

TopicTICS AND TOURETTE SYNDROME
ReferenceMcConville, B.J., Fogelson, M.H., Norman, A.B., Klykylo, W.M., Manderscheid, M.A., Parker, K.W., and Sanberg, P.R. (1991) Nicotine potentiation of hal

TopicTICS AND TOURETTE SYNDROME
ReferenceMcConville, B.J., Sanberg, P.R., Fogelson, M.H., King, J., Circino, P., Parker, K.W., and Norman, A.B.(1992) The effects of nicotine plus haloperidol

TopicTICS AND TOURETTE SYNDROME
ReferenceSanberg, Paul R., Silver, Archie A. , Shytle, R. Doug, Philipp, Mary Katherine, Cahill, David W., Fogelson, Harold M., and McConville, Brian J. Nicoti

TopicTICS AND TOURETTE SYNDROME
ReferenceSanberg, Paul R., Silver, Archie A., Shytle, R. Doug, et al. Nicotine for the Treatment of Tourette's Syndrome. Pharmacol. Ther. Vol.74, No. 1, pp. 21

TopicTICS AND TOURETTE SYNDROME
ReferenceSilver, A.A., Shytle, R.D., Philipp, M.K., and Sanberg, P.R. (1995) Transdermal nicotine in Tourette's syndrome. In: The Effects of Nicotine on Biolog

TopicTICS AND TOURETTE SYNDROME
ReferenceSilver, Archie A. Shytle, Douglas, Philipp, Mary Katherine, Wilkinson, Berney J., McConville, Brian, and Asnberg, Paul R. Transdermal Nicotine and Hal

TopicAN INTRODUCTION TO DISSOCIATION / ASTHMA / AUTOMATIC WRITING / DERMATOLOGY / DISSOCIATION AND DEEPENING / DYSTONIA / ERYTHROPHOBIA / HALLUCINATIONS / HEADACHES / I.M.R. THERAPY / INSOMNIA / MEMORY SUBSTITUTION / NAIL BITING / PSEUDO-ORIENTATION IN TIME / PSYCHOGENIC INFERTILITY / REGRESSIONS / DIAGNOSTIC SCALE / SMOKING CESSATION / SMOKING CESSATION / SPECIFIC AGE REGRESSION / STAMMERING / SUGGESTED AMNESIA / TAKING A CASE HISTORY / OBSTETRICS
ReferenceWaxman D (ed) (1989) Hartland's Medical and Dental Hypnosis 3rd edition Bailliere Tindall

TopicASSERTIVENESS TRAINING / ASTHMA / AUTOMATIC WRITING / AVERSION THERAPY / BRUXISM / DERMATOLOGY / DYSTONIA / FLOODING / GLOVE ANAESTHESIA / HALLUCINATIONS / HEADACHES / HYPNODONTICS / HYPNOSIS AND PAIN CONTROL / MASSED PRACTICE / MEMORY SUBSTITUTION / NOCTURNAL ENURESIS / PATTERN BREAKING INDUCTIONS / PSEUDO-ORIENTATION IN TIME / PSYCHOGENIC INFERTILITY / SMOKING CESSATION / SMOKING CESSATION / SUGGESTED AMNESIA / THE INTERSPERSAL TECHNIQUE / TINNITUS
ReferenceKroger WS (1977) Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis 2nd edition Lippincott

TopicHYPNOSIS MISC
ReferenceAbbot, N. C., Stead, L.F., White, A. R., Barnes, J. (1998) Hypnotherapy for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 2. Art.

TopicHYPNOSIS MISC
ReferenceBaer, L. Carey, R., & Meminger, S. (1986). Hypnosis for smoking: A clinical follow-up. International Journal of Psychosomatics, 33(3), 13-16.

TopicHYPNOSIS MISC
ReferenceBarabasz, A. f., Baer, L., Sheehan, D. V., & Barabasz, M. (1986). A three year clinical follow-up of hypnosis and restricted environmental stimulation

TopicHYPNOSIS MISC
ReferenceCovino, N. A., Bottari, M. (2001). Hypnosis, behavioural theory, and smoking cessation. Journal of Dental Education, 65(4), 340-347.

TopicHYPNOSIS MISC
ReferenceFrank R. G., Umlauf, R. L., Wonderlich, S. A., & Ashkanazi, G. S. (1986). Hypnosis and behavioral treatment in a worksite smoking cessation program. A

TopicHYPNOSIS MISC
ReferenceGreen, J. P., Lynn, S. J. (2000). Hypnosis and suggestion-based approaches to smoking cessation. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hy

TopicHYPNOSIS MISC
ReferenceHolroyd, J. (1980). Hypnosis treatment for smoking: an evaluative review. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 28, 341-357.

TopicHYPNOSIS MISC
ReferenceJeffrey, L. K., & Jeffrey, T. B. (1988). Exclusion therapy in smoking cessation, International Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis, 35(2), 70-

TopicHYPNOSIS MISC
ReferenceNeufeld, V., & Lynn, S. J. (1988). Single-session group self hypnosis smoking cessation treatment: A brief communication. International Journal of Cli

TopicHYPNOSIS MISC
ReferenceSilagy C, Lancaster T, Stead L, Mant D, Fowler G. (2004). Nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

TopicHYPNOSIS MISC
ReferenceSpiegel, H. (1970). A single treatment method to stop smoking using ancillary self-hypnosis. Intervational Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnos

TopicHYPNOSIS MISC
ReferenceStead LF, Perera R, Lancaster T,. Telephone counselling for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2006, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD0028

TopicHYPNOSIS TRIALS 1976 - 1998
ReferenceBarkley RA. Hastings JE. Jackson TL. The effects of rapid smoking and hypnosis in the treatment of smoking behavior. International Journal of Clinical

TopicHYPNOSIS TRIALS 1976 - 1998
ReferenceHughes JA. Sanders LD. Dunne JA. Tarpey J. Vickers MD. Reducing smoking. The effect of suggestion during general anaesthesia on postoperative smoking

TopicHYPNOSIS TRIALS 1976 - 1998
ReferenceHyman GJ. Stanley RO. Burrows GD. Horne DJ. Treatment effectiveness of hypnosis and behaviour therapy in smoking cessation: a methodological refinemen

TopicHYPNOSIS TRIALS 1976 - 1998
ReferenceJavel AF. One-session hypnotherapy for smoking: a controlled study. Psychological Reports 1980;46(3 Pt 1):895-9 Not randomised

TopicHYPNOSIS TRIALS 1976 - 1998
ReferenceJeffrey LK. Jeffrey TB. Exclusion therapy in smoking cessation: a brief communication. International Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis 1988;

TopicHYPNOSIS TRIALS 1976 - 1998
ReferenceKaufert JM. Rabkin SW. Syrotuik J. Boyko E. Shane F. Health beliefs as predictors of success of alternate modalities of smoking cessation: results of

TopicHYPNOSIS TRIALS 1976 - 1998
ReferenceLambe R. Osier C. Franks P. A randomized controlled trial of hypnotherapy for smoking cessation. Journal of Family Practice 1986;22(1):61-5 A randomiz

TopicHYPNOSIS TRIALS 1976 - 1998
ReferenceMyles PS. Cessation of smoking following tape suggestion under anaesthesia. Anaesthesia & Intensive Care 1992;20(4):540-1

TopicHYPNOSIS TRIALS 1976 - 1998
ReferenceMyles PS. Hendrata M. Layher Y. Williams NJ. Hall JL. Moloney JT. Powell J. Double-blind, randomized trial of cessation of smoking after audiotape sug

TopicHYPNOSIS TRIALS 1976 - 1998
ReferencePederson LL, Schrimgeour WG, Lefcoe NM Incorporation of rapid smoking in a community service smoking withdrawal program International Journal of the A

TopicHYPNOSIS TRIALS 1976 - 1998
ReferencePederson LL. Scrimgeour WG. Lefcoe NM. Comparison of hypnosis plus counseling, counseling alone, and hypnosis alone in a community service smoking wit

TopicHYPNOSIS TRIALS 1976 - 1998
ReferencePederson LL. Scrimgeour WG. Lefcoe NM. Variables of hypnosis which are related to success in a smoking withdrawal program. International Journal of Cl

TopicHYPNOSIS TRIALS 1976 - 1998
ReferenceRabkin SW. Boyko E. Shane F. Kaufert J. A randomized trial comparing smoking cessation programs utilizing behaviour modification, health education or

TopicHYPNOSIS TRIALS 1976 - 1998
ReferenceSpanos NP, Mondoux TJ, Burgess CA Comparison of multi-component hypnotic and non-hypnotic treatments for smoking Contemporary Hypnosis 1995;12(1):12-9

TopicHYPNOSIS TRIALS 1976 - 1998
ReferenceValbo A. Eide T. Smoking cessation in pregnancy: the effect of hypnosis in a randomized study. Addictive Behaviors. 1996;21(1):29-35 At Buskerud Centr

TopicHYPNOSIS TRIALS 1976 - 1998
ReferenceWilliams JM. Hall DW. Use of single session hypnosis for smoking cessation. Addictive Behaviors 1988;13(2):205-8 Twenty of sixty volunteers for smokin

TopicPHOBIAS / SMOKING
ReferenceFrischholz EJ, Spiegel D, Trentalange MJ, Spiegel H () The hypnotic induction profile and absorption: Am J Clin Hypn 1987 Oct;30(2):87-93

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceAhijevych K, Yerardi R, Nedilsky N () Descriptive outcomes of the American Lung Association of Ohio hypnotherapy smoking cessation program: Int J Clin

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceANON () Public health focus: effectiveness of smoking-control strategies - United States: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 1992 Sept 4; 41(35): 645-53

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceBarabasz AF, Baer L, Sheehan DV, Barabasz M () A three-year follow-up of hypnosis and restricted environmental stimulation therapy for smoking: Int J

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceBayot A. Capafons A. Cardena E. () Emotional self-regulation therapy: a new and efficacious treatment for smoking.: American Journal of Clinical Hypno

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceBrown DC () A group hypnosis smoking cessation program: six month follow-up: Hypnos 1998 Jun;25(2):98-103

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceBrown DC () A hypnosis smoking cessation programme: Aust J Clin Hypnother Hypn 1997 Sep;18(2):91-102

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceByrne DG. Whyte HM. () The efficacy of community-based smoking cessation strategies: a long-term follow-up study.: International Journal of the Addic

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceCapafons A, Amigo S () Emotional self-regulation therapy for smoking reduction: description and initial empirical data.: Int J Clin Exp Hypn 1995 Jan;

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceCrasilneck HB () Hypnotic techniques for smoking control and psychogenic impotence: Am J Clin Hypn 1990 Jan;32(3):147-53

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceDogs W () Praktische Erfahrungen der Raucherentwohnung: Erfahrungsheilkunde 1988 Mar;37(3):152-4

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceFlatt JR () Hypnosis in the treatment of smoking: a single session success story?: Australian Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis 1984 May;12(

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceGalav C () Come viene conseguita la disassuefazione dal fumo da un ipnoterapeuta canadese (Italian - English Abstract): Riv Int Psicol Ipnosi 1985 Apr

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceGmur M, Tschopp A () Factors determining the success of nicotine withdrawal: 12-year follow-up of 532 smokers after suggestion therapy (by a faith hea

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceGravitz MA () Early uses of hypnosis in smoking cessation and dietary management: a historical note: Am J Clin Hypn 1988 Jul;31(1):68-9

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceHaxby DG () Treatment of nicotine dependence: Am J Health Syst Pharm. 1995;52(3):265-281

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceHolroyd J () Hypnosis treatment for smoking: An evaluative review: int J Clin Exp Hypn 1983; 28: 341-57

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceHolroyd J () The uncertain relationship between hypnotizability and smoking treatment outcome: Int J Clin Exp Hypn 1991 Apr;39(2):93-102

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceHughes JA. Sanders LD. Dunne JA. Tarpey J. Vickers MD. () Reducing smoking. The effect of suggestion during general anaesthesia on postoperative s

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceHyman GJ. Stanley RO. Burrows GD. Horne DJ. () Treatment effectiveness of hypnosis and behaviour therapy in smoking cessation: a methodological refine

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceJeffrey TB, Jeffrey LK, Greuling JW, Gentry WR () Evaluation of a brief group treatment package including hypnotic induction for maintenance of smokin

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceJordan T () Did he fall - or was he pushed?: thoughts on habits and hypnosis: British J Exp Clin Hypn 1989 Summer;6(2):122-5

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceKetterer MW, Pickering E, Stoever WW, Wansley RA () Smoking prevention, cessation, and maintenance: review for the primary care physician: J Am Osteop

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceKuk K () Hooked? Here's help! a guide to smoking cessation: J Am Osteopath Assoc 1987 Mar;87(3):269-73

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceLambe R. Osier C. Franks P. () A randomized controlled trial of hypnotherapy for smoking cessation.: Journal of Family Practice 1986;22(1):61-5

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceLewith GT () The treatment of tobacco addiction: Complementary Therapies in Medicine 1995 Jul;3(3):142-5

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceMarriott JA, Brice GL () A single session of hypnosis to stop smoking - a clinical survey: Australian Journal of Clinical Hypnotherapy and Hypnosis 19

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceMartin GP. Waite PM. () The efficacy of acupuncture as an aid to stopping smoking.: New Zealand Medical Journal 1981;93(686):421-3

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceMcMaster NL () Quit smoking: from a hypo-behavioural-cognitive approach: Aust J Clin Hypnother Hypn 1997 Sep;18(2):83-90

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceMenaglio D () The case of Mrs S: Australian Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis 1993 May;21(1):109-19

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceMyles PS. Hendrata M. Layher Y. Williams NJ. Hall JL. Moloney JT. Powell J. () Double-blind, randomized trial of cessation of smoking after audi

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceMyles PS. () Cessation of smoking following tape suggestion under anaesthesia.: Anaesthesia & Intensive Care 1992;20(4):540-1

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceNeufeld V, Lynn SJ () A single-session group self-hypnosis smoking cessation treatment: a brief communication: Int J Clin Exp Hypn 1988 Apr;36(2):75-

TopicSMOKING
ReferencePedersen L, Wanklin J, Baskruilk J () The role of health beliefs in compliance with physicians' advice to quit smoking: Soc Sci Med 1984; 19(5): 573-5

TopicSMOKING
ReferencePederson LL, Schrimgeour WG, Lefcoe NM () Incorporation of rapid smoking in a community service smoking withdrawal program: International Journal of t

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceRabkin SW. Boyko E. Shane F. Kaufert J. () A randomized trial comparing smoking cessation programs utilizing behaviour modification, health education

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceRandall C () Acupuncture, herbal medicine and hypnosis as combined modalities for smoking cessation: Townsend Lett 1998;185:22-3

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceRitzman TA () Smoking - addiction or compulsion? Part two: Med Hypnoanal J 1992 Jun;7(2):41-52

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceRyde D () Hypnotherapy and cigarette smoking: Practitioner 1985 Jan;229(1399):29-31

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceSchubert DK. () Comparison of hypnotherapy with systematic relaxation in the treatment of cigarette habituation.: J Clinical Psychology. 1983;39(2):19

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceSpanos NP, Mondoux TJ, Burgess CA () Comparison of multi-component hypnotic and non-hypnotic treatments for smoking: Contemporary Hypnosis 1995;12(1):

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceSpiegel D, Frischholz EJ, Fleiss JL, Spiegel H () Predictors of smoking abstinence following a single-session restructuring intervention with self-hyp

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceStanton HE () Smoking cessation in a single session: an update: Int J Psychosom 1991; 38(1-4): 84-8

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceStanton HE () The relationship between hypnotic susceptibility and smoking behavior: International Journal of Psychosomatics 1985;32:33-35

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceValbo A. Eide T. () Smoking cessation in pregnancy: the effect of hypnosis in a randomized study.: Addictive Behaviors. 1996;21(1):29-35

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceWester WC, Robinson JA () Hypnosis for smoking cessation: a personalized approach with 100 patients: Hypnos 1991 May;18(2):98-106

TopicSMOKING
ReferenceWilliams JM. Hall DW. () Use of single session hypnosis for smoking cessation.: Addictive Behaviors 1988;13(2):205-8

TopicSMOKING CESSATION / SMOKING CESSATION
ReferenceRhue JW, Lynne SJ and Kirsch I (1997) Handbook of Clinical Hypnosis. American Psychological Association

The online Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders lists most of the major psychological disorders and illnesses and lists the criteria that must be fulfilled in order for a diagnosis to be made. This resource is not a substitute for proper professional psychiatric diagnosis.



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Last Updated 19 April 2021 ()