Psychotherapy High Wycombe


Psychotherapy High Wycombe - Last updated 10 April 2020

DSM Online - Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

Aa - Bb - Cc - Dd - Ee - Ff - Gg - Hh - Ii - Kk - Ll - Mm - Nn - Oo - Pp - Rr - Ss - Tt - Uu - Vv - Ww - Home

DSM Reference Home

DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR:

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

When an individual who has been exposed to a traumatic event develops anxiety symptoms, reexperiencing of the event, and avoidance of stimuli related to the event lasting more than four weeks, they may be suffering from this Anxiety Disorder.

Diagnostic criteria for 309.81 Post-traumatic Stress Disorder


(Warning!)

A. The person has been exposed to a traumatic event in which both of the following were present:

(1) the person experienced, witnessed, or was confronted with an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others
(2) the person's response involved intense fear, helplessness, or horror. Note: In children, this may be expressed instead by disorganized or agitated behavior

B. The traumatic event is persistently reexperienced in one (or more) of the following ways:

(1) recurrent and intrusive distressing recollections of the event, including images, thoughts, or perceptions. Note: In young children, repetitive play may occur in which themes or aspects of the trauma are expressed.
(2) recurrent distressing dreams of the event. Note: In children, there may be frightening dreams without recognizable content.
(3) acting or feeling as if the traumatic event were recurring (includes a sense of reliving the experience, illusions, hallucinations, and dissociative flashback episodes, including those that occur on awakening or when intoxicated). Note: In young children, trauma-specific reenactment may occur.
(4) intense psychological distress at exposure to internal or external cues that symbolize or resemble an aspect of the traumatic event
(5) physiological reactivity on exposure to internal or external cues that symbolize or resemble an aspect of the traumatic event

C. Persistent avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma and numbing of general responsiveness (not present before the trauma), as indicated by three (or more) of the following:

(1) efforts to avoid thoughts, feelings, or conversations associated with the trauma
(2) efforts to avoid activities, places, or people that arouse recollections of the trauma
(3) inability to recall an important aspect of the trauma
(4) markedly diminished interest or participation in significant activities
(5) feeling of detachment or estrangement from others
(6) restricted range of affect (e.g. unable to have loving feelings)
(7) sense of a foreshortened future (e.g. does not expect to have a career, marriage, children, or a normal life span)

D. Persistent symptoms of increased arousal (not present before the trauma), as indicated by two (or more) of the following:

(1) difficulty falling or staying asleep
(2) irritability or outbursts of anger
(3) difficulty concentrating
(4) hypervigilance
(5) exaggerated startle response

E. Duration of the disturbance (symptoms in Criteria B, C, and D) is more than 1 month.

F. The disturbance causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

Specify if:

Acute: if duration of symptoms is less than 3 months
Chronic: if duration of symptoms is 3 months or more

Specify if:

With Delayed Onset: if onset of symptoms is at least 6 months after the stressor

Based on the Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition APA

Also: Acute Stress Disorder, battle fatigue, gross stress reaction, shell shock

Research sources

TopicBEHAVIOUR THERAPY / PROLONGED EXPOSURE THERAPY FOR PTSD
ReferenceBeyond the manual: The insider's guide to Prolonged Exposure therapy for PTSD EA Hembree, SAM Rauch and EB Foa. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice (200

TopicBEHAVIOUR THERAPY / PROLONGED EXPOSURE THERAPY FOR PTSD
ReferenceCenter for the Treatment and Study of Anxiety, University of Pennsylvania Edna B. Foa, Ph.D., Director.

TopicBEHAVIOUR THERAPY / PROLONGED EXPOSURE THERAPY FOR PTSD
ReferenceCognitive Behavioral Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Paula P. Schnurr, Matthew J. Friedman, Charles

TopicBEHAVIOUR THERAPY / PROLONGED EXPOSURE THERAPY FOR PTSD
ReferenceCurrent clinical trials of prolonged exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder ClinicalTrials.gov

TopicBEHAVIOUR THERAPY / PROLONGED EXPOSURE THERAPY FOR PTSD
ReferenceProlonged Exposure Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorders SAMHSA Model Programs.

TopicBEHAVIOUR THERAPY / PROLONGED EXPOSURE THERAPY FOR PTSD
ReferenceProlonged Exposure Therapy for PTSD: Emotional Processing of Traumatic Experiences, Therapist Guide by Edna B. Foa, Elizabeth A. Hembree, Barbara Olas

TopicBEHAVIOUR THERAPY / PROLONGED EXPOSURE THERAPY FOR PTSD
ReferenceReclaiming Your Life From a Traumatic Experience, Workbook, Barbara Olasov Rothbaum, Edna B. Foa, Elizabeth A. Hembree, March 2007, Oxford University

The online Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders lists most of the major psychological disorders and illnesses and lists the criteria that must be fulfilled in order for a diagnosis to be made. This resource is not a substitute for proper professional psychiatric diagnosis.



Aa - Bb - Cc - Dd - Ee - Ff - Gg - Hh - Ii - Kk - Ll - Mm - Nn - Oo - Pp - Rr - Ss - Tt - Uu - Vv - Ww - Home



Add your site to our directory: Aromatherapy | Audio | Business | CBT | Coaching | Counseling | EMDR | EFT | Health | Healing | Holistic | Hypnosis | Hypnotherapy | Music | Medical | NLP | Products | Spiritual | Software | Therapy | Technology | Yoga | Other


Sitemap advanced



[Home...] AddThis Social Bookmark Button

©Sponsored by Changing States providers of Hypnotherapy in High Wycombe & Central London
Bill Frost - Clinical Hypnotherapist 2012

Developed by: neuroinnovations.com - providers of psychotherapy software

Last Updated 10 April 2020 ()